Efforts to combat drug abuse by adolescents received important support today as Gov. Christie signed legislation sponsored by Assembly Republicans Mary Pat Angelini and Nancy F. Muñoz prohibiting the sale of over-the-counter medications containing dextromethorphan to persons under the age of 18.
Dextromethorphan, commonly known as DXM, is an over-the-counter ingredient found in more than 120 cough and combination cold medicines, including Nyquil, Robitussin, Coricidin, Delsym, Zicam, Theraflu, and Vick’s Formula 44. It can cause hallucinations, seizures and death when taken in large quantities.
“DXM is affordable, easy accessible and legal. Unfortunately, that’s a combination which makes it appealing to teenagers who are taking increased doses to get high,” said Angelini, R-Monmouth. “Using products with DXM to get high is more popular among this age group than cocaine, ecstasy, LDS and meth. Like alcohol, tobacco and pseudoephedrine, we need to make DXM more difficult for youngsters to obtain. That’s the goal of this law, but parents also need to be aware of this very serious health issue.”
“Since DXM is legal, many teens believe it’s less dangerous than illegal drugs. It’s not,” said Muñoz, R-Union, Morris and Somerset. “Taken in large doses, it can cause hallucinations and loss of motor control. It’s often combined with other ingredients like antihistamines and decongestants. High doses of these combined meds can cause fatal liver injury and cardiovascular problems.
“If they aren’t already doing so, parents should pay attention to what’s in their medicine cabinets and who is using what drugs,” she continued.
The bill, A-622,1469/S-2436, also requires the Department of Health to post a link on its website containing a list of products in which dextromethorphan is an active ingredient.